The industrialized countries organization compared Pisa data from 2018 and 2002. The result: the job desires of the young people are almost constant. But will all of these professions still exist in the future? The OECD experts have doubts.
Dhe digitalization will, in the opinion of many experts, change the world of work significantly. Because young people in particular are in constant contact with digital media in their free time, one could expect that their career aspirations have changed in recent years and that they are dreaming more and more of activities that have arisen and are emerging with digitization.
The industrialized countries organization OECD has examined whether this is the case. To this end, it evaluated data from the Pisa student study from 2018 in 41 of its member countries, including Germany, and compared it with data from Pisa 2000. The study was presented on Wednesday at the World Economic Forum in Davos.
Digital occupational fields do not yet play a major role
“The far-reaching changes in the world of work have not yet been reflected in the job ideas of many young people,” states the OECD. When asked which occupation they would like to pursue at the age of 30, the 15-year-old students mostly named traditional occupations.
This suggests “an overall low level of imagination with regard to the diversity of the labor market,” complain the OECD experts. The ideas of the young people also concentrated more than before on a few professions.
Girls want to be teachers, boys mechanics
More than half of the girls in Germany would like to work (in order of popularity): teacher, doctor, educator, psychologist, nurse, architect, police officer, office worker, designer or lawyer. 40 percent of young people in Germany want to become: industrial mechanic, car mechanic, police officer, teacher, engineer, doctor, architect or athlete.
According to the OECD, the job ideas of boys and girls continued to differ significantly in the countries examined. Boys who would have done well in math and science in Pisa were much more interested in a career in science or engineering, while girls who did well in these subjects were more likely to want to work in health care.
Students from high-income households are more ambitious
High-performing students from privileged backgrounds had significantly more ambitious career goals – also compared to high-performing students from disadvantaged backgrounds. In addition, pupils from an educationally disadvantaged background were much more likely to have a wrong idea of the educational path that is necessary in order to work in the desired profession.
The OECD has also examined whether the young people’s career aspirations are fit for the future: Will the desired jobs still exist in 10 to 15 years? According to estimates by the experts, 39 percent of the professions named by the young people are at risk of being automated by then, in Germany it is even a good 45 percent.