The Chihuahua canine breed’s appeals include their tiny size, huge character, and range in coat types and colors. They’re all pet dog, completely efficient in competing in canine sporting activities such as agility as well as obedience, and also are among the top 10 watchdogs advised by experts.
Although these are full-blooded pets, you might still find them in shelters and saves. Bear in mind to take on! Don’t shop if you want to bring a pet dog house.
Chihuahuas love absolutely nothing greater than being with their individuals– even novice animal parents– and require a minimum of brushing and exercise. They make excellent home canines that’ll quadrate the whole family members. Just make sure any kind of kids who approach recognize how to play carefully with a lap dog.
See below for full checklist of pet dog breed characteristics and facts regarding Chihuahuas!

Chihuahua Dog Type Pictures

Much more Regarding This Type

The Chihuahua is a saucy little hot tamale and not even if of his organization with a particular fast-food Mexican dining establishment. He’s renowned for being the world’s smallest canine, but he may well have the globe’s most significant character stowed away inside that tiny body. That larger-than-life persona makes him interesting males and females alike.
Fun loving and busy, Chihuahuas like nothing better than to be close to their individuals. They follow them everywhere in the house as well as flight along in carryall when their individuals run duties or go shopping. It’s not unusual for Chihuahuas to create a close bond with a bachelor, and also they can come to be really requiring if they’re overeated.
Besides being affectionate housemates, Chihuahuas are intelligent as well as quick learners. They can compete in agility and also obedience trials with just as much enthusiasm as well as success as bigger canines. That said, they’re unyielding little dogs. You’ll be most effective if you can encourage them that competing– or merely doing as you ask– is fun. Use positive support in the form of praise and also food benefits when training your Chihuahua. He won’t react to harsh therapy.
It is necessary when thinking about the Chihuahua to take into account his tiny size. Chihuahuas are curious as well as strong travelers. They have actually run away from lawns through tiny voids in the fence and also can press right into locations that pups and also canines would not have the ability to fit. And even though they have a tendency to crack the whip, they can be unintentionally harmed by rambunctious bigger pets.
Chihuahuas are not recommended for residences with children under the age of 8, merely because of the chance of injury by a young kid. Despite your family members circumstance, it is essential to bear in mind to mingle your Chihuahua to children, adults, and also other pets. Chihuahuas are mistrustful of unfamiliar people, which makes them great guard dogs, however they require to find out to meet people in a friendly manner. It’s additionally vital to remember that Chihuahuas often tend to neglect they are small as well as will take on a bigger aggressive canine; therefore the Chihuahua needs vigilant supervision in new circumstances, while they’re on strolls, and also when they remain in the lawn.
The Chihuahua’s individuality and distinct size make him a wonderful go-everywhere buddy. Individuals that live with Chihuahuas come to be devoted to them, as well as numerous claim that once you share your life with one, there will certainly be nothing else dog type for you.


  • Select a Chihuahua breeder who gives health clearances for patellas as well as heart conditions.
  • The Chihuahua is a long-lived breed; expect to look after him for approximately 18 years.
  • Chihuahuas are prone to shuddering when they are cold, excited, or frightened. Provide your Chihuahua with a sweatshirt or coat when he goes outdoors in cold or damp weather.
  • Chihuahuas can be hostile towards various other canines if they’re not interacted socially when young. Chihuahuas do not pull back from various other pets and also this can create a problem if they run into a large aggressive pet.
  • Don’t leave your Chihuahua ignored in the lawn. He could be struck by a hawk, other predators, or larger pet dogs or coyotes.
  • Chihuahuas can be reserved with complete strangers. Choose a young puppy that was whelped and also increased in a residence with a lot of human communication.
  • Chihuahuas are not the most effective canine to have when you have young kids. Chihuahuas are breakable and a kid might injure the pet dog while playing. Most breeders will not sell young puppies to houses with children more youthful than eight years.
  • The Chihuahua’s ears can be susceptible to ear wax develop and dry skin.
  • Chihuahuas more than happy as companions, but they do require 20 to 30 minutes of workout everyday and can go for a lot longer than you could expect. Monitor your Chihuahua, especially when he’s a puppy, to ensure that he does not use himself out.
  • Chihuahuas have impressive individualities and also will certainly run your life if you let them. They can be destructive when tired and also can become particular eaters if their diet is bothered. Develop ground rules and stick with them or you’ll find yourself giving up your comfortable chair due to the fact that your cherished pet dog has told you to move.
  • To obtain a healthy and balanced animal, never ever acquire a puppy from a yard dog breeder, pup mill, or pet dog shop. Discover a reputable dog breeder that tests her breeding canines for hereditary wellness problems and good characters.


As with many breeds, the Chihuahua’s beginnings are vague, however there are two theories of just how he came to be. The first is that he descended from a Central or South American dog referred to as the Techichi.
When we look at the evidence of the Chihuahua originating from Central and South America, we discover ourselves looking back to the Toltec civilization. There are Toltec makings dating to the 9th century C.E. that portray a dog looking like the Chihuahua, with the same large ears as well as rounded head. These dogs were called Techichi, and their purpose in Toltec world is rare.
When the Aztecs dominated the Toltecs, they soaked up the Techichi right into their society. A number of the canines resided in holy places as well as were made use of in Aztec routines. The Aztecs believed that the Techichi had mystic powers, consisting of the capacity to see the future, recover the sick, as well as securely guide the spirits of the dead to the underworld. It was popular to kill a red Techichi and also cremate him with the remains of the deceased. The Aztecs additionally made use of the Techichi as a source of food and pelts. The Spanish overcame the Aztecs in the late 1500s and also the Techichi faded into obscurity.
The 2nd concept is that little hairless dogs from China were given Mexico by Spanish investors and after that bred with tiny native dogs.
Regardless of which concept is precise, the shorthaired Chihuahua we know today was discovered in the 1850s in the Mexican state of Chihuahua, from which he took his name. American visitors to Mexico brought the little dogs house with them. They began to be displayed in 1890, and also a Chihuahua called Midget came to be the very first of his breed to be signed up with the American Kennel Club in 1904. The longhaired variety was possibly developed through crosses with Papillons or Pomeranians. The breed’s appeal took off in the 1930s and also 1940s, when it was associated with dancing king as well as Latin songs bandleader Xavier Cugat.
Because the 1960s, the Chihuahua has actually been among the most preferred breeds signed up by the AKC. Today they place 11th amongst the 155 types and also varieties the AKC recognizes.


The regular Chihuahua considers 3 to 6 pounds. There are Chihuahuas that are smaller sized, however they often tend not to be really healthy and balanced. Chihuahuas can also be huge, with some getting to 12 or even more extra pounds. These can be good choices for family members with children.


The bold and also confident Chihuahua is usually called being terrier-like. His alert nature and suspicion of unfamiliar people make him a superb guard dog. He’s sensitive and also thrives on affection and friendship.
Chihuahuas usually bond to a single person, although they’re usually going to make close friends with brand-new individuals if appropriately presented. Expect them to be a little scheduled initially, though. Chihuahuas can be timid if they’re not effectively socialized as pups.
Like every pet, Chihuahuas need early socializing– exposure to various individuals, views, seems, and also experiences– when they’re young. Socializing assists make certain that your Chihuahua young puppy matures to be a well-rounded pet dog.

Health and wellness

The Chihuahua doesn’t have any kind of major illness, however like all types he can be born with or acquire certain conditions. Not all Chihuahuas will obtain any or all of these illness, however it is essential to be knowledgeable about them so you can be educated when you speak with breeders and can recognize what to try to find throughout your Chihuahua’s life.
Purchasing from a liable dog breeder will assist make sure that you obtain the healthiest Chihuahua feasible. A puppy from a trustworthy Chihuahua dog breeder will be vaccinated and dewormed before you take him house. Liable dog breeders use just physically audio, fully grown (a minimum of 2 years or older) pets, as well as test their breeding supply for genetic diseases significant to the breed, such as luxating knees (bum knees) and also heart problem.
Both moms and dads should have health clearances, documents that a canine has been examined for as well as free from a particular problem. In Chihuahuas, you ought to anticipate to see wellness clearances from the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA) for patellas as well as heart problem. You can confirm health and wellness clearances by examining the OFA web site (
Health clearances are not released to pet dogs more youthful than 2 years of age. That’s due to the fact that some health issue don’t appear up until a pet gets to full maturation. Because of this, it’s often suggested that pet dogs not be bred till they are two or three years of ages.
The following conditions may influence Chihuahuas:

  • Patellar Luxation: Likewise referred to as “slipped stifles,” this is an usual trouble in small dogs. It is triggered when the patella, which has three parts-the femur (thigh bone), knee (knee cap), as well as shin (calf bone)- is not effectively aligned. This triggers lameness in the leg or an uncommon gait, type of like a miss or a jump. It is a condition that exists at birth although the real misalignment or luxation does not always occur up until much later. The rubbing caused by patellar luxation can result in arthritis, a degenerative joint illness. There are 4 qualities of patellar luxation, ranging from grade I, an occasional luxation triggering short-term lameness in the joint, to quality IV, in which the turning of the tibia is severe and also the patella can not be realigned manually. This offers the canine a bowlegged look. Serious qualities of patellar luxation may need surgical repair work.
  • Hypoglycemia: Hypoglycemia, or reduced blood sugar level, is a possible problem with all toy breed young puppies. [Keep in mind: I have left this as plaything type right here. There is a distinction in between toy dimension and tiny dogs-the difference, say, between Chihuahuas as well as yorkies and also beagles as well as mini dachshunds.] Hypoglycemia is quickly treatable in the beginning yet can be fatal otherwise dealt with. It is necessary that breeders as well as proprietors of toy breed puppies recognize the symptoms and signs due to the fact that this problem can sometimes be misdiagnosed as viral hepatitis or sleeping sickness by vets. A young puppy with hypoglycemia will certainly reduce as well as become lethargic, adhered to by trembling or shivering. Position some honey under his tongue and get him to the vet quickly. If the situation is enabled to proceed, he’ll eventually collapse, enter into convulsions, fall into a coma, and also die. At any time your Chihuahua is limp, with grayish-blue gums as well as tongue, it’s an emergency situation. Hypoglycemia takes place in toy puppies when they don’t have the fat gets to supply sufficient glucose in times of stress or when they do not eat on a regular basis.
  • Heart Murmurs: Heart murmurs are brought on by adisturbance in the blood flow with the chambers of the heart. They’re an indicator that there might be a disease or problem of the heart that will require to be kept track of as well as treated. Heart murmurs are rated on their volume, with one being really soft as well as five being extremely loud. If condition appears, as detected via x-rays and an echocardiogram, the pet dog may call for medication, a special diet regimen, as well as a decrease in the amount of workout he gets.
  • Pulmonic Constriction: This congenital heart disease happens when blood does not stream appropriately via the heart due to the fact that the pulmonic valve is misshaped, creating an obstruction. This indicates the heart should function more difficult and also can end up being enlarged, causing heart failure. Treatment relies on the seriousness of the disease. In light cases, there’s little or no blockage and also no therapy is required. If the pet dog is seriously impacted by the disease, surgery is suggested, however the procedure varies relying on the area of the blockage.
  • Collapsed Trachea: It is not totally comprehended how this takes place, but the rapid inhalation of air creates the trachea to squash and also makes it difficult for air to get in the lungs, much like a soft drink straw being made use of as well strongly. This problem might be inherited; it occurs in certain breeds, and dogs with it show an abnormality in the chemical makeup of their tracheal rings in which the rings lose their tightness as well as come to be unable to retain their circular shape.
  • Hydrocephalus: Cerebrospinal liquid (CSF) can accumulate in the brain due to a congenital defect, blockage, or the outcome of injury throughout birth, placing stress on the brain. The head looks inflamed or bigger, but the medical diagnosis can be validated with an ultrasound if necessary. There’s no cure for hydrocephalus, although in mild instances steroids can help reduce fluid stress. A shunt can also be used to divert fluid from the mind to the abdomen. Pups with severe cases typically pass away before they’re four months old, which is a good factor to delay acquiring a Chihuahua up until that age.
  • Open Up Fontanel: Chihuahuas are born with a soft spot on the top of their head. Generally the soft spot closes, similar to a child’s will, but occasionally one will certainly not shut fully. Deal with these pets gingerly. An accidental blow to the head can kill them.
  • Shivering: Shivering is an usual occurrence in Chihuahuas. The mechanics of why they shudder or tremble is vague yet it typically takes place when the canine is delighted, worried, or cold.


In spite of the Chihuahua’s tiny size, like all pets he requires exercise and training. The amount of power an adult Chihuahua has can be surprising. He’ll constantly chase after squirrels in the yard as well as agrees to play as long as you are. Chihuahuas delight in walks, overseen rollicks around the lawn, and also fetching toys. They’ll go until they drop, so it’s important to make certain they do not tire themselves out, particularly on hot days.
As long as they enjoy playing outdoors, Chihuahuas must never live outdoors. They aren’t safe from raptors such as hawks, prairie wolves, or various other bigger pet dogs that could go into your lawn. They are reproduced as companions, as well as the most effective location for a buddy is with you.
Educating a Chihuahua can be an enjoyable task. They succeed in several different dog sports such as agility and obedience, however puppy preschool and also fundamental obedience course are important even for a Chihuahua that’s purely a companion. Your Chihuahua will meet several canines and also people in class, adding to his socializing, and also he’ll find out the manners all canines need to recognize.
Chihuahuas are as easy to housetrain as any other breed as long as you take them out regularly and on a constant schedule. Young puppies require to go out as quickly as they get up in the early morning, after every dish, after naps, after playtime, and prior to bedtime. Utilizing a cage to restrict them when you’re incapable to supervise them will certainly educate them that they can manage their bladder and prevent them from having mishaps in your house. If they’re not crated, strategy to take them out each to 2 hours, and do not crate them for more than 2 to four hrs at a time except over night.
Past housetraining, crate training is a kind way to make sure that your Chihuahua does not enter things he should not. Like every pet, Chihuahuas can be devastating as pups. They may refrain as much damages as a Laboratory pup, but those little teeth can definitely leave their mark. Crate training at a young age will certainly also help your Chihuahua approve confinement if he ever needs to be boarded or hospitalized. Never ever stick your Chihuahua in a crate all day long, nevertheless. It’s not a jail, and he shouldn’t invest more than a few hours at once in it other than when he’s resting at night. Chihuahuas are people pet dogs, and they aren’t implied to invest their lives secured in a dog crate or kennel.
Train your Chihuahua using favorable reinforcement techniques such as food incentives, praise, and play, and also you will certainly soon locate that he can discover anything you can teach.


Recommended day-to-day amount: 1/4 to 1/2 mugs of top notch dry food a day
NOTE: How much your adult canine eats depends on his dimension, age, build, metabolism, and also activity degree. Dogs are people, similar to individuals, and they don’t all require the very same quantity of food. It nearly goes without claiming that a highly active canine will certainly require greater than a couch potato canine. The top quality of pet food you purchase likewise makes a difference– the much better the canine food, the further it will certainly go toward beneficial your pet dog as well as the much less of it you’ll need to drink right into your canine’s bowl.
For more on feeding your Chihuahua, see our guidelines for buying the best food, feeding your puppy, and feeding your adult dog.

Coat Color As Well As Grooming

Chihuahuas are available in two various layer types: smooth as well as long. The smooth-coated Chihuahua has a smooth, shiny layer that fits near the body with a ruff of thick, longer hair on the neck. The hair on the head and ears is thinner, and the tail is fuzzy.
The long-coated Chihuahua has a soft coat that’s level or slightly curly. On the body it’s nearly as smooth as that of a smooth-coated Chihuahua, however the ears have an edge of hair, and also the plumed tail spreads out like a follower over the back. He likewise has a ruff on the neck and longer hair called feathering on his feet. The hind legs are likewise covered with lengthy hair that looks like trousers– and that’s what it’s called. On the belly is much longer hair known as a frill.
Besides can be found in two coat types, Chihuahuas are discovered in a series of colors as well as markings. They can be strong colors such as black, white, fawn, delicious chocolate, grey, as well as silver in addition to tricolor (chocolate, black, or blue with tan as well as white, for example), brindle, detected, merle and also a range of various other markings. Tones can be very pale to extremely dark for all the colors.
The Chihuahua is a wash-and-go pet. Brushing him takes just a few mins weekly. Brush him weekly with a rubber brushing mitt or a brush with short, natural bristles for a shorthaired Chihuahua as well as a pin brush for a longhaired Chihuahua. A fine-toothed flea comb assists remove loose or dead hair.
Chihuahuas lost percentages year round and also might lose somewhat more heavily– a relative term for a dog this little– in the springtime and also autumn. The longhaired Chihuahua’s undercoat might appear in little globs. Normal cleaning will certainly help maintain losing in control.
With normal cleaning, a Chihuahua shouldn’t require a bath greater than every month or two. Utilize a shampoo created for pet dogs so you don’t dry the layer and skin.
Ears are a crucial location to examine when you are grooming your Chihuahua. If you smell an odor or see wax, tidy the internal ear with a cotton ball, using a cleanser recommended by your vet. Prevent entering into the depth of the ear, past where you can see. If the ears are completely dry along the side, rub a little baby or coconut oil onto them.
Some Chihuahuas create tear stains below their eyes. You can thoroughly wipe the eyes to eliminate discharge, and there are products readily available to remove the stains.
A Chihuahua’s nails grow quickly. Maintain them trimmed short. If you can hear them clicking on the flooring, they’re too long. The earlier you present your Chihuahua to toenail trimming the less difficult the experience is. At the same time, examine the pads for any kind of foreign things or injuries.
Like many little types, Chihuahuas are prone to bad dental health and wellness. Combing their teeth can help their mouths stay healthy. Brush the teeth at least 2 or three times a week– day-to-day is far better– to eliminate tartar and also microorganisms. Start when your puppy is young so he’ll be made use of to it.
As you groom, look for sores, rashes, or indications of infection such as redness, tenderness, or inflammation on the skin, in the ears, nose, mouth, and eyes, and on the feet. Ears must scent good, without excessive wax or crud inside, as well as eyes should be clear, without inflammation or discharge. Your cautious regular examination will assist you identify possible illness early.

Kid As Well As Other Animals

Numerous Chihuahuas love children, but the combination of a little dog as well as a little one can be a dish for disaster. A Chihuahua might leap from a child’s hands and also injure himself if he’s not being held correctly, as well as he will not wait to protect himself if he’s being maltreated. Numerous dog breeders won’t offer pups to families with young children for fear that the pet dog will certainly be hurt. Chihuahuas do best in households with quiet, older children who comprehend just how to connect with them.
Make it a policy that little ones can just hold or pet the Chihuahua if they’re sitting on the flooring. Constantly instruct children exactly how to come close to and also touch pet dogs, as well as always monitor any type of communications in between pets as well as young kids to avoid any type of biting or ear or tail pulling on the part of either party. Teach your child never ever to come close to any type of pet while he’s resting or eating or to try to take the pet’s food away. No pet must ever before be left unsupervised with a youngster.
Even if your family does not have kids, your Chihuahua needs to always be exposed to them when he’s young so he will not be afraid of them if he encounters them later in life. Just make sure you manage thoroughly.
Chihuahuas hit it off with various other pets in the family, including cats, if presented at a young age. The courageous Chihuahua will frequently boss around dogs much bigger than he is, and also this may or might not cause problems. It’s not unusual for the smallest pet to be the one in charge.

Rescue Teams

Chihuahuas are usually bought without any clear understanding of what goes into possessing one, and also these dogs typically end up in the care of rescue groups, seeking fostering or promoting. Various other Chihuahuas end up in rescue since their proprietors have actually separated or passed away. Adopting a grown-up Chihuahua has lots of benefits. Adult dogs are usually already housetrained and also have some obedience training, as well as they’ve already experienced the harmful puppy stage. Since Chihuahuas have such a long life span, adopting an adult dog can bring you several years of pleasant friendship.

  • Chihuahua Club of America
  • Chihuahua Rescue
  • Chihuahua Rescue as well as Transport
  • Canadian Chihuahua Rescue as well as Transport
  • Chihuahua Rescue Canada
  • Yankee Chihuahua Rescue and also Fostering

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