The name “Shih Tzu” suggests little lion, but there’s absolutely nothing fierce regarding this pet breed. This pooch is an enthusiast, not a hunter.
Bred exclusively to be companions, Shih Tzus are affectionate, satisfied, outgoing residence pets who love nothing more than to follow their people from room to room. Since ancient times, they have actually made themselves comfy on the laps of people from all walks of life, also emperors!
In the last few years, nonetheless, pet dog parents have actually begun taking Shih Tzus off their laps as well as right into canine sporting activities, training them for obedience, rally, as well as dexterity competitors. They make great family members pet dogs that agree various other pets and also even youngsters, as long as youngsters recognize how to gently deal with as well as play with a tiny puppy.
If you’re searching for a small ideal friend who that can adjust to house living, join you on the couch for cuddles, as well as shower you with unconditional love, this may be the pet dog for you.
It is very important to remember that pets of any kind of breed can struggle with wellness problems throughout their lives. A good pet insurance coverage strategy can help you prepare to offer your dog the treatment they require at any type of age.
See all Shih Tzu pet dog type truths and also features listed below!

Shih Tzu Canine Type Pictures

More About This Breed

James Mumsford, an American educator and author, probably defined the Shih Tzu best: “Nobody recognizes exactly how the old eunuchs took care of to mix together: a dashboard of lion, numerous teaspoons of rabbit, a number of ounces of domestic feline, one part court jester, a dashboard of ballerina, a pinch of old guy, a little beggar, a tbsp of monkey, one part baby seal, a dashboard of teddy bear, and also, for the rest, dogs of Tibetan and also Chinese beginning.”
The object of Mumsford’s vivid summary, the Shih Tzu– articulated SHEED Zoo, SHID Zoo, or SHEET Take legal action against– is a small, stately canine with long, plentiful locks, an unique face that thaws several a heart, and also a pleasant mindset. The type can flaunt a stylish background: they were originally kept by royal Chinese households during the Ming Empire.
With their flowing hair brushing up the ground and also their topknot elegantly connected, the Shih Tzu does show up snobbish, fit only for existing regarding a palace on silk pillows. Nothing could be even more from the truth, nonetheless. Shih Tzus are gorgeous, but they are additionally friendly, dynamic, devoted buddies.
The Shih Tzu character is enormously enticing, and also grudging pet observers locate it hard to withstand this breed. The Shih Tzu simply does not allow anyone to neglect them. The were bred to be a pleasant buddy– they do not hunt, herd, or guard– which’s what they are. They love nothing more than to meet and greet buddies as well as unfamiliar people alike. Count on a Shih Tzu to make close friends anywhere they go.
Not only is this participant of the Plaything Group affable as well as pleasant, they’re very adaptable. They’re too fit to apartment or condos in the city regarding life on a nation farm. They love children as well as quadrate various other animals. Nevertheless, although the Shih Tzu is a durable pet, their little dimension places them at a negative aspect. Grownups ought to constantly oversee communications between youngsters and also dogs, and this is particularly vital for the Shih Tzu, to avoid them from accidentally obtaining harmed during harsh play.
Surprisingly, the Shih Tzu is in some cases called the Chrysanthemum Pet, a label that describes the means the hair on their face grows out in all directions. They look like a flower with a nose for the facility.
One special feature of the Shih Tzu is their undershot bite. Their lower jaw is somewhat broader than the upper, as well as the top teeth attack inside the lower teeth, as opposed to outside, when their mouth is closed.
Legends relating to the Shih Tzu abound. One states that Buddha traveled with a little pet suitable the description of a Shih Tzu. As the tale goes, one day, several robbers encountered the Buddha with the intent of burglarizing and also killing him. The little pet dog became a ferocious lion and also escaped the robbers, saving Buddha’s life. The lion then reversed into a fun-loving little dog, which the Buddha got and kissed. The white area on the heads of numerous Shih Tzus allegedly notes the place where Buddha kissed his devoted close friend.
Numerous additionally think that Fu Dogs, the guardians of Buddhist temples, are depictions of the Shih Tzu.


  • There is no such type as an “royal” or “teacup” Shih Tzu. These are merely marketing terms utilized by deceitful breeders utilize to indicate an extremely tiny or large Shih Tzu.
  • Shih Tzus are difficult to tame. Correspond, and also do not enable a puppy to roam the house without supervision up until they are totally trained. Crate training is helpful.
  • The level shape of the Shih Tzu’s face makes them prone to heat stroke, since the air entering into the lungs isn’t cooled down as efficiently as it is among longer-nosed types. They need to be kept indoors in air-conditioning spaces during heat.
  • Be prepared to comb and also comb the Shih Tzu coat on a daily basis. It mats conveniently.
  • While Shih Tzus are credible with children, they’re not the best choice for families with young children or extremely young children because their small dimension puts them at risk for unintentional injury.
  • The Shih Tzu has a tendency to wheeze and also snore, as well as can be vulnerable to dental issues.
  • While pets of any kind of breed might consume their very own or other animals’ feces (coprophagia), the Shih Tzu seems specifically prone to this actions. The best means to take care of the issue is never ever allow it become a behavior. Watch your Shih Tzu carefully as well as tidy up poop right now.


The Shih Tzu’s origins are ancient, and steeped in enigma as well as dispute. A recent study disclosed that the Shih Tzu is just one of the 14 oldest pet types, and canine bones found in China have actually proven that canines were present there as very early as 8,000 B.C
. Some believe the type was created by Tibetan Monks as well as given as presents to Chinese royalty. It is also hypothesized that the Shih Tzu was established in China by crossing other breeds with the Lhasa Apso or Pekingnese. Regardless of where the breed was created– Tibet or China– it’s clear that the Shih Tzu was a cherished buddy from the earliest times. Paintings, art, as well as works from the China’s Tang Dynasty (618-907 A.D.) represent lap dogs comparable to the Shih Tzu. Referrals to the canines appear once again from 990 to 994 A.D. in papers, a few paints, and also carvings.
In the 13th century, Marco Polo reported that the Mongolian Emperor Kubla Khan maintained small “lion” pet dogs with skilled hunting lions– not as target, but to keep the lions calm. Some think these dogs were the Shih Tzu.
During the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), Chinese royal family members kept Shih Tzu-type pet dogs, and the “little lion dogs” or “chrysanthemum-faced” pet dogs were discussed in several papers from that duration. They were supposedly small, intelligent, docile dogs that strongly looked like lions.

There isn’t much mention of the canines in documents from the 1700s to the early 1900s, yet several art pieces from that period show little, shaggy, satisfied dogs.
In 1861, the Shih Tzu ended up being preferred in the Imperial Court after an imperial concubine became the Empress of China. One of Empress T’zu Hsi’s very first royal orders was that anybody captured tormenting royal residence pet dogs would certainly be put to death. Empress T’zu Hsi had an excellent love for animals and carried out substantial breeding programs under the straight treatment of palace eunuchs.
Throughout Empress T’zu Hsi’s reign, the Dalai Lama provided her a set of splendid Shih Tzus, apparently the resource of the imperial royal residence’s little lion dogs. It’s said that the Shih Tzus had their very own palace as well as were trained to stay up as well as wave their front paws when the Empress visited.
After her fatality in 1908, several royal households contended to produce pets of the finest coats and shades. Because of the competitors, breeding techniques were kept secret. Poor-quality canines were offered in the industry, and also good-quality pets were typically smuggled out of the palaces as well as given as presents to international site visitors or Chinese noblemen.
In 1928, the initial Shih Tzus, a man as well as women pair, were given England from Peking by Lady Brownrigg, the better half of the quartermaster general of the north China command. In 1933, a Mrs. Hutchins brought a Shih Tzu from China to Ireland; this canine was ultimately bred to Girl Brownrigg’s. These 3 dogs developed the foundation of Woman Brownrigg’s kennel.
Maureen Murdock and Philip Cost, her nephew, were the initial to import as well as reproduce Shih Tzus in the USA. There were three Shih Tzu clubs by 1960: the American Shih Tzu Organization in Florida, the Texas Shih Tzu Society, as well as the Shih Tzu Club of America. In 1963, the Shih Tzu Club of America as well as the Texas Shih Tzu Culture combined to form the American Shih Tzu Club. In 1969, the type was recognized by the American Kennel Club as a participant of the Plaything Team.

Males as well as women alike stand at 9 to ten and also a fifty percent inches tall and evaluate 9 to 16 pounds.

All dog breeds have a purpose. Historically, the purpose of the Shih Tzu was to be a buddy– and that’s simply what they wish to be. They merely want to be with you. So do not anticipate them to quest, guard, or get; that’s not their design.
Affection is their leading particular, as well as your lap is their favored destination. They’re happiest when they’re with their family members, giving and obtaining focus.
That stated, the Shih Tzu is not an overall lazy person. They look out as well as dynamic as well as may bark at newbies to their residence. Don’t fret, though; they’ll make good friends with your visitors the min they stroll within.

Shih Tzus are typically healthy and balanced, but like all breeds of dogs, they’re prone to specific conditions and also diseases:

  • Allergies are a typical disorder in pet dogs. There are three primary kinds: food allergic reactions, which are treated by getting rid of particular foods from the pet dog’s diet plan; call allergic reactions, which are brought on by a reaction to a topical substance such as bed linens, flea powders, dog hair shampoos, or other chemicals; as well as inhalant allergies, which are caused by airborne allergens such as pollen, dirt, or mold. Treatment might consist of nutritional restrictions, drugs, and ecological modifications.
  • Canine hip dysplasia, an irregular formation of the hip socket that can cause discomfort as well as lameness.
  • Patellar luxation, which implies dislocation (luxation) of the kneecap (patella). The knee joint (usually of a back leg) slides in and out of location, triggering discomfort. This can be crippling.
  • Juvenile kidney dysplasia (JRD) is a genetic defect of the kidneys seen in young pet dogs. The dog is exceedingly parched as well as pees often. They lose weight, throws up, as well as lack vigor. Presently, there is just one definitive test for the illness that can be carried out on reproducing canines– a wide-wedge biopsy of the kidney, which is very invasive and also carries a great deal of risk. There have been swab tests created by geneticists, however, to this day, none appear to be one hundred percent trustworthy.
  • Bladder stones and bladder infections can be brought on by lots of factors, such as extreme protein, magnesium, and phosphorus in the diet plan, or long periods of time in between urination. Bladder infections can be brought on by bacterial or viral infections. If your Shih Tzu requires to pee often, has bloody pee, appears to have problem urinating, or endures an anorexia nervosa, take them to the veterinarian for a checkup.
  • Eye issues are not uncommon among Shih Tzus since their big eyes lump. Problems include keratitis, an inflammation of the cornea that can bring about a corneal abscess as well as blindness; proptosis, when the eyeball is displaced from the eye socket and the eyelids secure behind the eyeball; distichiasis, an irregular growth of eyelashes on the margin of the eye, leading to the eyelashes massaging versus the eye; ectopia cilia, a condition similar to distichiasis; progressive retinal degeneration, a degenerative condition of the retinal aesthetic cells that advances to blindness; as well as completely dry eye (keratoconjunctivitis sicca), a dry skin of the cornea and also the conjunctiva. Get in touch with your vet immediately if you discover any type of inflammation, irritation, or too much tearing.
  • Ear infections strike the Shih Tzu since their decrease ears produce a dark, warm ear canal– an ideal setting for infection. Inspect and also cleanse the ears regular to avoid troubles.
  • Kept primary teeth and tooth as well as gum troubles are not unusual since the Shih Tzu’s primary teeth might continue to be undamaged when the long-term teeth arise. Occasionally it is needed for the veterinarian to extract the baby teeth. Due to the Shih Tzu’s undershot jaw, they likewise can have missing or misaligned teeth. It is essential to clean puppy teeth routinely and also report oral issues, such as halitosis and loose teeth, to your veterinarian.
  • Umbilical hernias prevail among Shih Tzus. Frequently, these are caused by delayed closure of the stomach midline. If the hernia is little, it might close as the pup matures. Often surgery is necessary to correct it, typically while the pup is being spayed or sterilized.
  • A portosystemic liver shunt is a congenital abnormality in which capillary permit blood to bypass the liver. Consequently, the blood is not cleansed by the liver as it should be. Surgical procedure is generally the best therapy.
  • Snuffles may afflict the Shih Tzu since teething tends to be tough. At regarding 4 months, the gums swell; because the gum tissues are straight under those pushed-in noses, there isn’t a lot of area. Young puppies may snort, snuffle, snore loudly, or wheeze throughout this time around, and also might even have a clear nasal drain.
  • Reverse sneezing happens when the pet dog is extremely delighted, gulps their food too quickly, or irritants are present. Nasal secretions drop onto the soft palate, triggering it to shut over the windpipe. The canine makes a hissing noise as well as might end up being alarmed. Talk soothingly to them and also try to get them to relax to reduce the episode. Some say that pinching the nostrils shut so the canine is compelled to breathe via their mouth is the quickest method to quit the reverse sneezing.

No matter how healthy your canine is when you initially bring them home, you must plan for any kind of problems that may show up throughout their life. An animal insurance policy strategy can help you remain prepared for any one of your canine’s veterinary needs.

The Shih Tzu does not truly mind where they live, as long as they’re with you. They’re a very adaptable pet dog who can be comfy in a small city house or a big rural or country home. They’re definitely a housedog and also must not be kenneled outside, though they take pleasure in a little yard play.
The Shih Tzu is content with short walks each day. They’re not an exceptionally active dog; they’re content to sit in your lap, wander around the house, have fun with their toys, or go to the door to greet visitors.
Like various other breeds with brief faces, the Shih Tzu is sensitive to warm. They must continue to be inside your home in a cool area or one with fans on warm days so they do not suffer from warm fatigue.
No, the type can not fly; yet proprietors commonly report that their Shih Tzus believe they can. It not uncommon for a Shih Tzu to fearlessly jump from a bed or a chair. While they might not appear high to you, these heights are towering to the small Shih Tzu. And, unfortunately, these jumps frequently finish in injury. The breed is front heavy as well as crashes onward, which can cause injury and even a trauma to the head. Be extremely cautious when carrying your Shih Tzu. Hold them securely and also do not let them jump out of your arms or off furniture.
Although they’re naturally manageable and also pleasant, the Shih Tzu needs very early socialization and training. Like any type of canine, they can come to be shy if they’re not correctly mingled when young. Early socializing helps ensure that your Shih Tzu young puppy matures to be a well-shaped pet.
Shih Tzus are often taken into consideration challenging to tame. Crucial is to stay clear of offering your young puppy possibilities to have mishaps within. You do not want them to end up being familiar with utilizing the carpeting. Some Shih Tzu owners show their pet dogs to make use of a doggy can so they do not need to walk them in bad climate or thrill home to take them out. A Shih Tzu pup ought to be very carefully monitored inside your house up until they have not removed indoors for a minimum of four to eight weeks. Crate training is handy for housetraining and gives your canine with a silent place to unwind. A crate is likewise helpful when you board your Shih Tzu or travel.

Advised daily amount: 1/2 to 1 mug of high-quality dry food a day
KEEP IN MIND: Just how much your adult dog eats depends on their size, age, develop, metabolism, as well as activity degree. Canines are individuals, similar to individuals, and also they do not all need the very same quantity of food. It nearly goes without claiming that a highly energetic dog will need more than a lazy person dog. The top quality of dog food you purchase also makes a difference– the better the dog food, the more it will certainly approach nourishing your canine as well as the less of it you’ll need to tremble right into your pet dog’s dish.
For more on feeding your Shih Tzu, see our guidelines for buying the right food, feeding your pup, and feeding your adult pet.

Coat Shade As Well As Pet Grooming
The lengthy, smooth Shih Tzu layer is gorgeous, and it comes in numerous colors: black, black and white, gray and white, or red and white. A white idea on the tail and a white blaze on the forehead are very valued.
Keeping the Shih Tzu coat gorgeous is demanding. Daily cleaning and also brushing is necessary to avoid tangles, as is constant bathing– as typically as once a week. Actually, lots of a Shih Tzu fan quits and works with a specialist groomer to clip those lengthy locks short. Gone is some of their beauty, yet so is the job of day-to-day brushing. If you cut the layer short and also wish to maintain it by doing this, intend on brushing appointments every 6 to eight weeks.
If you do groom them on your own, make the experience as pleasant as feasible for both you and your Shih Tzu, beginning throughout puppyhood. Besides, you’re mosting likely to be doing this a lot. When brushing, you want to see to it that you clean all the way down to the skin. Many seasoned Shih Tzu groomers teach the dog to push their side while they comb the layer in areas; it’s much easier to clean in this way as well as even more comfy for the canine.
At concerning ten to twelve months old, the Shih Tzu coat adjustments from puppy fluff to a smooth grown-up layer. During this stage, you’ll probably believe the coat mats much faster than you can brush. Don’t surrender! This is momentary, lasting for about three months. When the adult layer can be found in fully, brushing obtains simpler.
The Shih Tzu’s nails need to be trimmed monthly, and their ears examined as soon as a week for dust, inflammation, or a bad odor that can show an infection. Wipe them out weekly with a cotton sphere moistened with mild, pH-balanced ear cleaner to stop issues. Hair expands inside the Shih Tzu’s ear canal, as well as this in some cases requires to be plucked if the canine gets a great deal of ear infections.
The Shih Tuz’s face, like a kid’s, likewise needs daily attention. They obtain unclean after eating, and their eyes tear up easily, so it’s required to wipe their face routinely with a soft cloth dampened with cozy water.
Numerous small breeds are prone to oral troubles, as well as the Shih Tzu is no exception: it is essential to take good care of their teeth. Regular tooth brushing with a soft toothbrush as well as doggy tooth paste will certainly maintain their periodontals and also teeth healthy.

Kid And Also Various Other Pets
The Shih Tzu is a fantastic family members pet. They agree other canines or pets, and their manageable personality makes them a great buddy for kids.
Kids should remain on the flooring to play with a Shih Tzu puppy, nevertheless, so there is no danger of bring as well as dropping them. Youngsters must also find out to maintain their fingers away from the Shih Tzu’s popular eyes, which can be easily wounded.

Rescue Teams
Lots of Shih Tzus regrettably wind up in shelters or in the treatment of rescues when individuals purchase them from dog breeders without a clear understanding of just how to look after these pets. If you want to add a Shih Tzu to your household, inspect your neighborhood shelter or rescue team, as well as they can help match you with a dog you’ll enjoy. Right here are a couple of nonprofit rescues you can attempt:
* Shih Tzu Rescue, Inc
* Tzu Zoo Rescue You can additionally try DogTime’s adoption page that lets you search for adoptable dogs by type and also zip code!
All dogs will certainly require vet care eventually in their lives. When you embrace, make certain you’re prepared to resolve any wellness concerns that may turn up after you leave the shelter. A family pet insurance coverage strategy can maintain your pet covered.

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